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从高考试题看英语动词搭配的命题特点

时间: 11-13     手机版

随着高考命题由知识型向能力型的转化,对英语常用动词搭配(包括短语动词)的考查方式也日趋灵活多样。因此复习备考时针对动词搭配这一考点要活跃思维,提高解题能力。通过对近年来高考试题的研究,可以发现高考对此考点的命题主要体现在以下几个方面:

1.多在具体的语境中进行考查短语动词在常见句型结构中的灵活运用以及考查常用短语动词之间意义的辨析,常考的动词有call,get,give,look,make,put,turn等。

(1)NMET2000Themanagerdiscussedtheplanthattheywouldliketosee______thenextyear.

A.carryout??B.carryingout??C.carriedout??D.tocarryout

该题考查了动词搭配“carryouttheplan”在“see+宾语+过去分词”结构中的变异运用,将“theplan”充当定语从句的先行词,然后考查考生能否识别出来是上述结构的灵活变异,故此应选C。又如:

NMET2000(春)?—It'sagoodidea.Butwho'sgoingto______theplan?

—IthinkTomandGregwill.(B)

A.setaside??B.carryout??C.takein??D.getthrough

(2)NMET’98?Nobodynoticedthethiefslipintothehousebecausethelightshappenedto______.

A.beputup??B.givein??C.beturnedon??D.goout

该题中出现了四个常用动词搭配,反映了命题者想考查考生对短语动词或动词搭配的综合掌握能力,命题设计精致巧妙,据题意分析可知“碰巧灯灭了”而“goout”又能表示“(afireorlight)tostopburningorshining熄灭”之意,故该题应选D。

(3)NMET’97?She______hisnumberinthephonebooktomakesurethatshehadgotitright.

A.lookedup??B.lookedfor??C.pickedout??D.pickedup

该题考查了四个常见动词短语之间的辨析,由题意可知应选A。常形成这样的动词搭配“tolookupawordinthedictionary;tolookuptheinformation/themessage/thenumber/thetime…”等。类似的高考命题还有:

NMET’95?Icanhardlyheartheradio.Wouldyouplease______?(C)

A.turniton??B.turnitdown??C.turnitup???D.turninoff

MET’93?Readerscan______quitewellwithoutknowingtheexactmeaningofeachword.(C)

A.getover??B.getin??C.getalong??D.getthrough

MET’92?Ireallydon'twanttogototheparty,butIdon'tseehowIcan______it.(B)

A.getbackfrom??B.getoutof??C.getaway??D.getoff

2.考查常见动词与名词,冠词或副词的搭配情况

(4)NMET’97?Ifbyanychancesomeonecomestoseeme,askthemtoleavea______.

A.message??B.letter??C.sentence??D.notice

该题考查了常用动词leave所形成的搭配“toleaveamessage(留口信)”,故选A。

(5)NMET’96?Wedecidednottoclimbthemountainbecauseitwasraining______.

A.badly??B.hardly??C.strongly??D.heavily

该题考查了常用动词“rain”所形成的固定搭配“rainhard/heavily/catsanddogs”,故应选D,类似的高考命题又如:

NMET’94?Here'smycard.Let'skeepin______.(A)

A.touch??B.relation??C.connection??D.friendship

(6)MET’93?We'vemissedthelastbus.I'mafraidwehaveno______buttotakeataxi.

A.way??B.choice??C.possibility??D.selection

该题因出现了常用的动词固定搭配“havenochoicebuttodosth.(除做…外别无选择)”,故选B。又如:

MET’92?Wehaveworkedouttheplanandnowwemustputitinto______.(C)

A.fact??B.reality??C.practice??D.deed

(7)MET’91?AlexanderGrahamBellinvented______telephonein1876.

A.不填??B.a??C.the??D.one

该题考查了动词搭配“inventthe+名词”,故此题选C。该动词搭配在高考中曾三次命题测试其搭配。如:

MET’89?ItiswellknownthatThomasEdison______theelectriclamp.(A)

A.invented??B.discovered??C.found??D.developed

MET’93?CharlesBabbageisgenerallyconsidered______thefirstcomputer.(C)

A.toinvent??B.inventing??C.tohaveinvented??D.havinginvented

3.考查动词搭配中基本动词的特殊用法或常用动词形成固定搭配时的用法

(8)NMET’98?Cleaningwomeninbigcitiesusuallyget______bythehour.

A.pay??B.paying??C.paid??D.topay

该题考查了动词“get”所形成的特殊搭配,即“get+过去分词”,如getlost,getmarried,getchanged,getdressed;getpaid等,故应选C。

(9)NMET’96?______inthought,healmostranintothecarinfrontofhim.

A.Losing??B.Havinglost??C.Lost??D.Tolose

该题考查了固定搭配“lose…inthought(陷入沉思)”,故应选C。同理又如:

MET’91?Thespeakerraisedhisvoicebutstillcouldn'tmakehimself______.(D)

A.hear??B.tohear??C.hearing??D.heard

MET’90?______moreattention,thetreescouldhavegrownbetter.(A)

A.Given??B.Togive??C.Giving??D.Havinggiven

(10)MET’93?Thecaptain______anapologytothepassengersforthedelaycausedbybadweather.

A.made??B.said??C.put??D.passed

该题考查了常用动词“make”形成的固定搭配“makeanapologytosb.(向某人道歉)”,故应选A。同理又如:

MET’93?Ifnoone______thephoneathome,ringmeatwork.(C)

A.returns??B.replies??C.answers??D.receives

 

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